Safety & Health Objectives
G&D Erectors, Inc. plans to achieve worker safety and health through the following:
- Designate a qualified person to coordinate the program.
- Plan for safety before each project and each new task.
- Make regular job site safety inspections and conduct health monitoring.
- Follow safety procedures and rules.
- Provide on-going safety training.
- Enforce safety rules and use appropriate discipline.
Designated Safety Coordinator
G&D Erectors, Inc. has designated Paul Dearing to coordinate, implement, and administer the safety and health system. Responsibilities include:
- Understand potential job hazards and how to eliminate them.
- Conduct or assist with job safety analysis.
- Assure compliance with OSHA construction safety and health standard requirements.
- Conduct regular job site safety and health inspections.
- Establish safety and health procedures.
- Coordinate regular safety and health training.
- Conduct or assist with Tool Box Talks or Five Minute Safety Talks.
- Participate in accident investigations and implementation of corrective actions.
- Involve employees in maintaining a safe working environment
Our supervisors’ attitudes play an important part in obtaining or preventing the acceptance of safe and healthful work practices, policies, and procedures. It is the supervisor’s responsibility to identify potential hazards, identify methods to control or eliminate the hazards, ensure employees engage in safe and healthful work practices, and ensure employees receive safety and health training to do their work. Safety and health performance will be part of our supervisors’ evaluations.
Responding to Safety and Health Issues
G&D Erectors, Inc. will take prompt consistent action when responding to safety and health issues. They will demonstrate our management commitment to addressing safety and health concerns and encourage employee participation. Management will respond to employees’ reports of hazards or potential hazards.
Immediate supervisors will review, investigate, and take any necessary and appropriate action on all employee reports of hazards or potential hazards. The employee reporting the hazard or potential hazard will be notified of the outcome. Reporting of hazards or potential hazards will be without fear of reprimand. In fact, our mission is to recognize our employees for creating a safe work environment.
Our employees will participate in regular safety and health inspections to help identify potentially hazardous conditions and unsafe actions and initiate corrections. Findings will be presented to management for review. Corrective action will be implemented under the direction of Paul Dearing in a timely manner.
Our employees will be given the constant opportunity to provide input regarding recommendations on safety and health procedures, and training as it pertains to daily work operations.
Job Safety Analysis
G&D Erectors, Inc. will utilize job safety analysis to determine potential hazards and identify methods to reduce exposure to the hazards.
Job Safety Analysis (JSA) is a method of planning for safety and health.
- The first component of a JSA is breaking down a job or task into the specific steps it takes to complete the job. Although this can be done in small detail, typically only the major steps are listed. This often results in five to ten steps.
- The second component of a JSA is to list all the hazards that are involved in each step. There may be many hazards that get listed next to some steps and may not be any associated with some steps.
Employee Report of Hazards
Our employees play a key role in identifying, controlling, and reporting hazards that may occur or already exist in the workplace. Employee reports of potential hazards can be an effective tool to trigger a closer look at a piece of equipment, operation, or how work is being performed. Reports of potential hazards can also provide suggestions to eliminate a hazard.
We will conduct an investigation for all accidents/incidents and near misses. Our primary goal of conducting an investigation is to determine the “root cause” to prevent the risk of a future occurrence. Investigation reports can help determine injury and illness trends over time, so that patterns with common causes can be identified and prevented. Investigations are not intended to place blame.
Accidents and “near-miss” incidents will be investigated by Paul Dearing. The reports will be reviewed by the management of G&D Erectors, Inc. immediately.
Our management will develop systems to prevent and control hazards. These include: the establishment of controls through engineering, work practice, personal protective equipment, and/or administrative actions; systems to track hazard correction; preventive maintenance systems; emergency preparation; and medical program.
This system will be implemented to assure guards, housekeeping, and personal protective equipment are provided and being used.
A maintenance schedule for all vehicles and equipment will be actively maintained. Maintenance logs will be kept to document work performed and repairs scheduled or ordered.
Through a team effort, all employees will make “safety checks” a part of routine work practices.
Job Site Inspections
All employees will conduct daily job site inspections. Hazards will be documented, reviewed, and corrections will be made in a timely manner. More detailed, written inspections will be conducted by Paul Dearing. The designated safety person will tour each job site and observe potential safety/health hazards, and develop a plan for safeguarding this company’s workers which may include the following:
- Removing the hazard.
- Guarding against the hazard as required by OSHA.
- Providing personal protective equipment and enforcing its use.
- Training workers in safe work practices.
- Coordinating protection of workers through other contractors.
A record of all safety inspections and correctional steps will be kept.
All accidents resulting in injury or property damage will be investigated. The purpose of the investigation is NOT to find fault, but to find the cause of the accident so similar incidents can be prevented in the future.
- All accidents, no matter how minor must be reported to the Foreman immediately.
- Foremen must report all accidents to the Safety Coordinator as soon as possible.
- Foremen must complete an initial written accident investigation the day of the accident, if possible.
- All workers involved in the accident or who witnessed the accident must complete a written statement describing the incident.
- The Safety Coordinator will complete a thorough accident investigation to determine root causes and corrective actions.
- Near misses (situations where an accident almost happened) should be reported. Corrective action must be taken to prevent the same situation from occurring again with the potential for serious injury. Foremen should make a note of near misses and the corrective actions taken and report them to the Safety Coordinator, so that the same corrections may be made on all the company’s job sites.
Personal Protective Equipment
- Hard hats will be worn on job sites at all times.
- Eye protection will be worn when there are potentials of hazards from flying objects or particles, chemicals, arcing, glare, or dust.
- Leather work boots shall be worn to protect from falling objects or stepping on sharp objects. Athletic or canvas-type shoes shall not be worn.
- Protective gloves or clothing shall be worn when required to protect against a hazard.
- Harnesses and lanyards shall be utilized for fall protection as required.
Policies, Procedures, Safety and Health Rules
Our management is responsible for implementing major decisions, policies and safety and health procedures. Specific safety and health procedures that are required by OSHA will be put in writing such as: lockout, right to know, fall protection, confined space, respiratory program, etc. A copy of our written safety program will be available on every jobsite, either in the jobsite trailer, the gang box, or with the foremen.
G&D Erectors, Inc. will inform and enforce the following safety rules:
All of our safety rules must be obeyed. Failure to do so will result in strict disciplinary action.
- The use of illegal drugs or alcohol or being under the influence during working hours shall be cause for termination. Inform your supervisor if taking strong prescription drugs that warn against driving or using machinery.
- Do not engage in any act which would endanger another employee.
- Keep your working area free from rubbish and debris. A clean job is the start of a safe job.
- Lift correctly – with legs, not the back. If the load is too heavy GET HELP. Do stretching exercises prior to work activities. Approximately twenty percent of all construction related injuries result from lifting materials.
- Do not use power tools and equipment until you have been properly instructed in the safe work methods and become authorized to use them.
- Do not remove, displace, damage, or destroy any safety device or safeguard on equipment or machinery.
- Use only extension cords of the three-prong type. Use ground fault circuit interrupters at all times with any temporary power supply.
- Fall protection is required at 6 feet or higher. 100% tie-off means the harness and lanyard are always connected to anchorage.
- Know what emergency procedures have been established for your job site. (Location of emergency phone, first aid kit, stretcher location, fire extinguisher locations, evacuation plan, etc.).
Practice the following safety procedures when using ladders:
- Portable ladders in use shall be equipped with safety feet unless the ladders are tied, blocked or otherwise secured. Step ladders shall not be used as a straight ladder.
- Ladders must extend three feet above landing on roof for proper use.
- Defective ladders must be properly tagged and removed from service.
- Keep ladder bases free of debris, hoses, wires, materials, etc.
G&D Erectors, Inc. has implemented the following four step disciplinary system when safety rules are not followed or other unsafe actions endanger workers.
First violation: Oral warning; notation for personnel file.
Second violation: Written warning; copy for file or Personnel Office.
Third violation: Written warning; one day suspension without pay.
Fourth violation: Written warning and one-week suspension, or termination if warranted.
Zero-tolerance Violations: Some safety violations are of such serious nature that there will be no warnings and termination may result. Examples include:
- Entering hazardous confined spaces without following proper procedures,
- Failing to use fall protection equipment,
Both the employee and the supervisor allowing these unsafe acts may be terminated.
A record will be maintained of all disciplinary actions.
Fall Protection Program
- Fall protection is required whenever working at six feet or above.
- Fall protection will be provided by one or more of the following:
- Hole covers
- Safety nets
- Personal fall arrest system (harness and lanyard)
Safety and Health Training
G&D Erectors, Inc. will provide training to assure the requirements of OSHA standards are met and continuously evaluate employee training needs to keep workers safe and healthy on the job.
- New Employee Orientation: New employees will receive training on the company safety and health management system, safe work practices and expectations, and specific safety and health training for the tasks that they will perform.
- After inspecting a job site, Paul Dearing will identify and evaluate all potential hazards for potential of serious injuries and probability of an accident. Actions will be taken to minimize the hazards and protect the workers.
- The project supervision personnel will appraise the skill and knowledge level of exposed workers, and provide any needed training.
- Where safety and health training is needed, appropriate training will be provided.
- Hazards will be identified.
- Necessary precautions will be explained.
- Training length and level of detail will be determined by the severity of the hazards and the requirements of OSHA.
- Records will be maintained for all training sessions with descriptions of topics covered and names of workers trained.
- Toolbox Talks: Toolbox talks will be conducted regularly (weekly/daily). Topics covered will include:
- The safe work practices necessary for that day’s work.
- Any safety concerns workers may have.
- Brief refresher training on relevant safety topics (topics to be provided by the Safety Coordinator).
Safety and Health Work Observations
Safety and health work observations will be performed periodically by supervisors or designated observers.
Safety and health work observations ensure:
- The employee has the knowledge to perform the work as trained
- The employee is actually performing their work task safely.
Results will be documented and follow-up training will be provided as needed. This process helps assure safety and health training is effective.